Canadians to Harper Renegotiate NAFTA with Obama

For Immediate Release
February 13, 2009

OTTAWA / February 13, 2009 – On the occasion of the first visit to Canada by US President
Obama, major organizations from across Canada representing diverse sectors of the population have
signed a letter to the Prime Minister calling on him to demonstrate a positive change in course for
Canada’s trade policy by publicly committing to a transparent and thorough renegotiation of NAFTA.
The organizations also back a call for an immediate moratorium on all bilateral free trade agreements
involving Canada, and an end to the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America.

The letter endorsed by 26 Canadian organizations points to the February 19 Obama visit as a unique
opportunity for Ottawa and Washington to do some fresh thinking about trade relations that span the
49th parallel. The letter also reminds the Prime Minister that recent opinion polls show that Canadian
public opinion is solidly behind the need to renegotiate NAFTA, and that Barack Obama himself is on
record as favouring the opening up of this flawed trade agreement.

“We were all promised a golden future under NAFTA, but the reality for the three signatory countries is
that the gap between rich and poor has grown exponentially, and government’s ability to set public
policy has been curtailed in favour of giving carte blanche to foreign investors” states Rick Arnold of
Common Frontiers. “Canadians, Americans and Mexicans are interested in establishing economic
relations based on social justice within a framework of sustainable development – a fair trade model
that can create decent jobs to ensure a good life for all those who call this continent their home.”

For more information or an interview: Rick Arnold, Common Frontiers, 905-352-2430

For an interview in Toronto: John Dillon, Common Frontiers-KAIROS, 416-463-5312 Ext. 231

For an interview in Montreal: Pierre-Yves Serinet, Quebec Network on Continental Integration
(RQIC), 514-276-1075

For an interview in Ottawa: Dylan Penner, Council of Canadians, 613-795-8685

Open Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper

The Rt. Honourable Stephen Harper
Prime Minister of Canada
80 Wellington Street,
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. K1A 0A2
February 13, 2009

Dear Prime Minister,

Canadians are looking forward to the February 19th visit to Canada by US President Barack Obama.
The new US administration, despite the financial and economic crisis, has shown a singular
determination to steer the US ship of state in a new direction. The Obama visit provides both Ottawa
and Washington with a unique opportunity to do some fresh thinking about relations spanning the
49th parallel – and those that go beyond.

President Obama has publicly stated that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as well
as bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) based on the NAFTA model are flawed, “I voted against
CAFTA and never supported NAFTA. NAFTA’s shortcomings were evident when signed and we must
now amend the agreement to fix them. While NAFTA gave broad rights to investors, it paid only lip
service to the rights of labour and the importance of environmental protection.”[1]

We the undersigned call on the Canadian government to announce during Obama’s visit that our
country is prepared to renegotiate NAFTA. We also call on the Prime Minister to simultaneously notify
the public that Canada is declaring an immediate moratorium on the negotiation and ratification of all
bilateral free trade agreements currently under consideration – most notably those with Colombia,
Peru, and the four Central American nations.

We note that Obama’s position on revisiting FTAs is backed up by the August 25th 2008 Democratic
National Platform statement, “ We will not negotiate bilateral trade agreements that stop the
government from protecting the environment, food safety, or the health of its citizens; give greater
rights to foreign investors than US investors; require privatization of our vital public services; or
prevent developing countries from adopting humanitarian licensing policies to improve access to lifesaving
medications. We will stand firm against bilateral agreements that fail to live up to these
important benchmarks, and will strive to achieve them in the multilateral framework. We will work
with Canada and Mexico to amend the North American Free trade Agreement so that it works better
for all three countries.” [2]

We also bring to the Prime Minister’s attention that Canadian public opinion is solidly behind the need
to renegotiate NAFTA as evidenced by the results of the September 2008 Environics poll where 61% of
the people contacted were in favour of renegotiation. In a February 9, 2009 poll carried out by
Environics, over 70% of respondents in both Canada and the US agreed that energy corporations
should not be allowed to sue governments (NAFTA Chapter 11) for policy changes that aim to protect
the environment or otherwise safeguard the public interest.

In 2008 Canadian, Mexican and US organizations launched a statement entitled “NAFTA Must be
Renegotiated: A Proposal from North American Civil Society Networks.” [3] It calls for the
renegotiation of NAFTA in ten major areas so as to establish economic relations based on social justice
within a framework of sustainable development.

For example under Employment this tri-national proposal states, “Governments should have the right
to use procurement to promote national development and job creation by giving preference to national
suppliers within limits that respect the need to purchase goods and services that are economical and
of high quality as well as to reduce environmentally damaging transportation of locally available
goods”. And under Energy the proposal calls for elimination of “Article 605 that obligates Canada to
continue exporting non-renewable resources, such as petroleum and natural gas to the United States
even if these exports cause a domestic shortage in Canada.”

We support President Obama’s statement “Starting my first year in office, I will convene annual
meetings with Mr. Calderon and the Prime Minister of Canada. Unlike similar summits under President
Bush, these will be conducted with a level of transparency that represents the close ties among our
three countries. We will seek the active and open involvement of citizens, labor, the private sector and
non-governmental organizations in setting the agenda and making progress.” [4] The first order of
business at such a meeting should be to call a halt to the undemocratic and corporate-led SPP
(Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America). Ever since its inception in 2005 the SPP
program has excluded Parliamentary oversight, lacked any consultation with civil society, and led to
further deregulation that has benefited only corporations.

ion of the visit to Canada of US President
Obama, to demonstrate a positive change in course for Canada’s trade policy by committing to a
transparent and thorough renegotiation of NAFTA, an immediate moratorium on all other FTAs, and a
promise to call on President Obama and President Calderon to shut down the SPP.


Canadian Auto Workers
Canadian Environmental Law Association
Canadian Federation of Students
Canadian Labour Congress Ontario Region
Canadian Union of Postal Workers
Canadian Union of Public Employees
Centre for Research on Latin American and the Caribbean- York University
Coalition of Black Trade Unionists – Ontario Chapter
CoDevelopment Canada
Common Frontiers
Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada
Council of Canadians
Labour Education Centre
National Union of Public and General Employees
Ontario Federation of Labour
Ontario Public Service Employees Union
Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation
OXFAM Canada
Polaris Institute
Public Service Alliance of Canada
Quebec Network on Continental Integration (RQIC)
Rideau Institute
Sierra Club of Canada
Social Justice Committee – Montreal
Toronto and York Region Labour Council
United Steelworkers Union