Canada urged to monitor Colombia’s fragile peace accord as killings of activists mount
From the Toronto Star

Colombian Canadians, alarmed at the number of human rights leaders murdered in the South American nation, will gather in Toronto to condemn what they see as a threat to the country’s long-fought peace.

On Tuesday, a rally will be held at 6 p.m. at the Mark Cohen Park near Bloor St. W., and Spadina Ave., to protest the violence and send a message to Colombia’s newly elected right-wing president Ivan Duque to uphold the 2016 Peace Accord.

The agreement, signed by then-President Juan Manuel Santos and rebel leader Timochenko, ended Colombia’s 50-year guerrilla war which left more than 220,000 dead and countless missing and displaced. Rebel group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), was disarmed and demobilized, and a transitional justice system was established to seek out the truth of the conflict.

Since then, the country’s civilian murder rate has reached an all-time low — 24 people per 100,000 last year — however, there has been a surge of killings of community activists who had been trying to enforce the peace agreement.

According to Colombia’s Human Rights Ombudsman, Carlos Alfonso Negret, 311 social movement leaders have been murdered in the country since January 2016, more than 100 of them killed this year alone by what locals called “Fuerzas Oscuras” in Spanish or “dark forces” in English.

“The accord has failed to open up a space where people can advocate for themselves without themselves being targeted,” noted Ilian Burbano of the Colombian Action Solidarity Alliance, a Toronto-based advocacy group.

Burbano fears that Duque, who will be inaugurated on Tuesday, will stall the full implementation of the accord.

“It’s not easy for the government to backtrack but it is a concern for everyone if the accord fails.”

Academics, activists and Colombians in Canada have started a petition to call on Ottawa to use its economic muscle — with bilateral trade totalling $1.73 billion in 2017 — to protect Colombian rights leaders and monitor the implementation of the peace process.

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